Deng Xiaoping


Deng Xiaoping
(1904–1997)
   Deng Xiaoping was the paramount leader of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) throughout the 1980s and a key figure before and after. Arguably he was the person who did most to overturn the policies of the Cultural Revolution and to guide China toward economic modernization and growth. Deng joined the Communist Party in the early 1920s while a student in France, and took this ideological commitment back with him to China. Centrally involved in the revolutionary struggle against the nationalists in China, he held various posts in the Red Army and took part in the Long March in 1934–35. He opposed Mao Zedong at the time of the Cultural Revolution, leading to Mao purging him from the party, but emerged as the key leader after Mao’s death. Deng’s leadership focused on the development of China and was characterized by its pragmatism and emphasis on organizational efficiency. He encouraged elements of capitalism and the replacement of revolutionaries with managers in the party in the drive for economic development, while keeping a tight bureaucratic–authoritarian political control. He was also behind the establishing of closer links with both the United States and Japan.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deng Xiaoping — (chinesisch 鄧小平 / 邓小平 Dèng Xiǎopíng, W. G. Teng Hsiao ping; anhören?/i; * 22. August …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DENG XIAOPING — [TENG SIAO P’ING] (1904 1997) Originaire du Sichuan, Deng Xiaoping, après des débuts obscurs, se joint aux nationalistes du mouvement du 4 Mai 1919 et participe au plan de travail et d’études organisé par Li Shizeng pour former à l’étranger une… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Deng Xiaoping —   [ çiao ], Teng Hsiao p ing [ çiao ], chinesischer Politiker, * im Kreis Guang an 22. 8. 1904, ✝ Peking 19. 2. 1997; seit 1924 Mitglied der KP, nahm am »Langen Marsch« (1934 35) teil. Während des Chinesisch Japanischen Krieges (1937 45)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Deng Xiaoping — Dèng Xiaopìng DEFINICIJA v. Teng Hsiao ping …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Deng Xiaoping — [duŋ′ shou′piŋ′] 1904 97; Chin. Communist leader; member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (resigned 1987); held various official titles (1967 89), including deputy prime minister; China s de facto ruler ( c. 1981 97) …   English World dictionary

  • Deng Xiaoping — This is a Chinese name; the family name is Deng. Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Deng Xiaoping in 1979 Chairman of the …   Wikipedia

  • Deng Xiaoping — Dans ce nom chinois, le nom de famille, Deng, précède le prénom. Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping en 1979 Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Deng Xiaoping — Este es un nombre chino; el apellido es Deng. Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Deng Xiaoping en 1979 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Deng Xiaoping — Deng Xiao|ping (1904 97) a Chinese politician who was the most powerful person in the Chinese ↑Communist Party from 1977 until his death, although he never officially ruled China. He is known for starting the important changes that helped China… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Deng Xiaoping — Deng Xiao•ping [[t]ˈdʌŋ ˌʃaʊˈpɪŋ[/t]] n. big 1904–97, Chinese Communist leader …   From formal English to slang